LEGGE BASSANINI 59 97 PDF
June 21, 2020 | by admin
in particular we present a case study on the Italian “Legge Bassanini” (59/ , / – concerning the simplification and decentralization of administrative. Parliament in October (Legge Delega),21 administrative reform began in with By June , almost 7 government agencies, including those The framework law 59/97 (Bassanini 1) gives government the power to. Legge 9 maggio , n. 59, recante Delega al Governo per il conferimento di funzioni e compiti alle regioni ed enti known as the Legge Bassanini, determines the distribution of powers across the Della legge 15 marzo , N
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Italy is a parliamentary Republic. The Parliament is bicameral and composed of the Chamber of Deputies Camera dei deputati and 79 Senate Senato della Repubblicaeach havinglegislativehaving legislative powers.
None of the chambers officially represent local and regional authorities. In this respect, regionalism has been progressively established after World War II, in reaction to the bassanuni period of centralisation.
The original Constitution granted a special status to five Regions. The remainder of the fifteen Regions, recognised by the Constitution as having an ordinary status, were established at a later stage, in Administrative functions were transferred to them between and Regionalisation was strengthened in the s.
A constitutional reform intervened in to modify the division of legislative competences between the State and the Regions, by distinguishing between exclusive competencies of the State, concurrent competencies, and exclusive competencies of the Regions. The regional statutory autonomy was also enlarged by a constitutional reform intervened in Ina major constitutional reform broadening the powers of the Regions was rejected by referendum.
As regards Provinces and Municipalities, their statutory autonomy was recognised in and enshrined in the Constitution in The Regions, the Provinces and the Municipalities and Metropolitan Cities may adopt their own statutes. There are fifteen Regions with ordinary status regioni a statuto ordinario: Regions have legislative and administrative competences, defined by their statutes.
Every region has a statute that serves as a regional constitution, determining the form of government and the fundamental principles of the organisation and the functioning of the region, as prescribed by the Constitution of Italy Article The main difference between the special status and the ordinary status is that while the ordinary statute is adopted and modified by regional law, the special statute is adopted by constitutional law, as well as any change thereof.
The reform of Title V of the Constitution of has increased the powers of ordinary statute regions, especially in subjects with concurrent jurisdiction between state and region.
This caused the diminishing, to some extent, of the distinction between the ordinary and special status Regions. With the entry into force of the Law n. Overall, the Ddl started the process of suppressing Provinces by reducing their power, reinforced the role of Regions and Municipalities and recognised more responsibilities to Metropolitan Cities. As a result, Provinces are no longer elective bodies and become a territorial body for wide areas ente territoriali di area vastaresponsible of wider territorial planning and programme delivery.
Secondly, the 79 n. Thirdly, it encourages small municipalities to merge with greater ones. Metropolitan Cities, Provinces and Municipalities enjoy more limited autonomy than Regions.
They are recognised specific administrative functions in addition to those assigned with national and regional laws according established competences. They are able to benefit from a special status, which is the case, today, of the two Autonomous Provinces of Trento and Bolzano only.
Of bbassanini Provinces, including 10 Metropolitan Cities are ordinary administrative entities of second level. The Constitution guarantees both local self-government and the subsidiarity principle. It gives baswanini on the exclusive competencies of the State, concurrent competencies, and exclusive competencies of the Regions. Residual competence is vested in the Regions. The State is vested with regulatory powers relating to its exclusive legislative powers, although it may delegate them to the Regions.
Regions have regulatory power in all other matters.
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The Metropolitan Cities and Municipalities have regulatory powers for the organisation and implementation of their functions. Municipalities are delegated administrative responsibilities, unless they are delegated to the provinces, metropolitan cities, Regions and the State under the principle of subsidiarity, adequacy and differentiation, and to ensure harmonisation.
Since the constitutional reform, the central Government is no longer able to suspend regional legislation. Disputes either between the central Government and the Regions, or between Regions are referred before the Constitutional Court Corte costituzionale .
The Regions and autonomous Provinces of Trento and Bolzano participate in the EU decision-making process in the areas falling within their competences. It is obliged to do so if the State-Regions Conference demands so with an absolute majority. Revenues are derived from taxation own-source and sharedgrants, and other sources.
For detailed information on fiscal decentralisation in Italy, a report on fiscal decentralisation or federalism of local and regional authorities in all member states is available. The State exercises concurrent legislative power with the Regions in a number of other areas listed in Art. The power to issue regulations shall be vested in the State regarding matters where it has exclusive legislative power, insofar as it does not devolve such power to the Regions.
The Regions shall have exclusive legislative power with respect to any matters not expressly attributed to the State. There is a number of matters of concurrent legislation for which the State shall only set fundamental principles: The power to issue regulations shall be vested in the Regions in all matters not subject to exclusive State competence. They have competence in the following areas Comma 85, Art 1.
The law regulates Metropolitan cities status, functions and their relationships with municipalities. Metropolitan cities are governmental bodies responsible for: Responsibilities of the municipalities Administrative responsibilities of the municipalities are Art. Deconcentrated responsibilities of the baxsanini are Art. Division of Powers Currently selected.
CoR – Italy Introduction
Regional level The Regions shall have exclusive legislative power with respect to any matters not expressly attributed to the State. Coordination of territorial planning as well as environmental protection, as pertains to provinces;, Transport planning within provincial remit, authorisation and control of private transportation in agreement with regional programmes, as well as construction and management of provincial road network and regulation concerned road traffic.
Data gathering and analysis to provide technical and administrative support to local bodies; Management of public education buildings. Control of discrimination in employment and promotion of equal opportunities at provincial level.
Strategic territorial development and management of services associated to the specific features of the territorial area; Management of institutional relations with other ordinary provinces, independent provinces, regions with special status and territorial bodies of adjoining states of which territory is mountainous.
In agreement with municipalities, design bid for proposals, monitor service contractors and organise selective procedures of service procurement. Promotion and coordination of economic and social development activities, ensuring support to economic activities and innovative research that are in line with the metropolitan masterplan; Promotion and coordination of digital information systems at metropolitan level.
Social welfare, in particular personal social services and community assistance; Education, including school-related services such as canteens, school buses, assistance for the disabled, pre-school childcare and nursery schools; Culture and recreation, including museums, exhibition halls, cultural activities and theatre; Planning, including town planning, housing, and land registry; Transport, in particular running of local transport and maintenance of local roads; Economic development, including drafting of plans for trade, planning, programming and regulation of commercial activities, as well as establishment and management of industrial and trade zones; Environment, including waste management, and Local police.
Registry, including births, marriages and deaths, Elections; Military service, and Statistics. Planning, in particular enhancement of upland areas; Joint discharge of municipal responsibilities; Tasks conferred on them by the EU or state or regional laws and policies; Economic development, including multi-annual work and operation plans, and Instruments for pursuing socio-economic development objectives, including those laid down by the EU, the State, or a Region.
Disposizioni sulle citta’ metropolitane, sulle province, sulle unioni e fusioni di comuni. According data updated in January Fiscal decentralisation or federalism.