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Hamdard Pharmacopoeia of Eastern Medicine. Front Cover. Hakim Mohammad Said. Hamdard National Foundation, – Materia medica, Vegetable – Hamdard Pharmacopoeia of Eastern Medicine. Compiled and Edited Under the Advice of the Pharmaceutical Advisory Council of Hamdard Editor: Hakim. Hamdard Pharmacopoeia of Eastern Medicine Volume 55 of Indian medical science series. Editor, Hakim Mohammed Said. Contributor, Hamdard Foundation.

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The present volume Hamdard Pharmacopoeia of Eastern Medicine includes a preface.

The volume is profusely illustrated. Preface To rescue man from the clutches of disease is a duty, sacred and obligatory, from time immemorial.

These systems, basically differing from each other, cannot be discounted as obsolete. They are as scientific as modern medicine it one to find out and work on them without prejudice. Public interest for some special reasons is at present focused on indigenous herbs and their research. Men of science and medicine are investigating the natural kingdoms for cures of diseases, and we are encouraged to believe from the results obtained so far, that they will be successful.

It was this revival of interest in natural cures that encouraged us to conduct a survey to examine their therapeutic uses and describe the nature of research carried out in this sub-continent for the information of those engaged in research and particularly for those who wish to make this system of medicine the subject of their research activity.

The book is divided into four parts, the first comprising a survey of drugs and list of medicinal plants used in Eastern medicine, the second being a pharmacopoeia as standardized by Hamdard, the third being a pharmaceutical code of Eastern medicine and the fourth, selected papers indicating the extent nad scope of drug research.

The knowledge of drugs goes back to prehistoric times. Man as savage must have known by experience how to relieve his sufferings by the use of herbs growing about him. Records of ancient civilizations show that a considerable number of drugs used by modern medicine were already in use in ancient times. Modern medicine traces its origin to the its enrichment with Chinese and Indian medicine, it was taken over by modern Europe.

The Muslim rulers introduced it into India and incorporated with it the native Ayurvedic medicine; this mixture is now known as Unani medicine or broadly speaking Eastern medicine.

Hamdard pharmacopoeia of eastern medicine

A brief account of the progress in the knowledge of drags is given pharmacopoiea. The following drugs mentioned in it have been identified: Oil, wine, beer, yeast, vinegar, turpentine, figs, castor oil, myrrh, mastic, frnakinscense, wormwood, aloes, opium, cumin, peppermint, anise, fennel, saffron, lotus flowers, linseed, juniper berries, henbane, mandragora, poppy, gentian, colchicum, squill, cedar, elder berries, honey, grapes, pharmacipoeia, garlic, acacia and date blossoms.

Among the mineral and metallic substances used by the Egyptians were: Precious stones were employed in a finely divided condition. Their list of drugs resembles the lists of the Egyptians. Two hundred and fifty herbs and stones or minerals among which are cassia, cinnamon, costus, orris root, anise, jasmine, oleander, allamander, cathartica, mint, hendane, pharmacoposia, alcohol, fats, oils, wax, turpentine, bitumen, alum, beer, are mentioned.


The origin is attributed to the mythical god of medicine believed to have flourished about B. The Chinese were the phrmacopoeia to employ goose greases, the adeps anserinus of later pharmacopoeiae, as a preferable fat for inunction.

Modern scientific research applied to various fats is determine their penetrating powers, place goose grease at the top of the list. In the Herbal, drugs are mentioned, of which are vegetable substances. Charaka and Subshruta are considered highest authorities.

Charaka gives fifty 50 rastern of herbs each, which he thinks are enough for the purpose of an ordinary physician, and Sushruta has arranged herbs in 37 sets. Greek Medicine The origin of Greek, medicine is traced to Aesculapius who was probably a historical personage subsequently deified following the example of Egyptians and other ancient people.

Hamdard Pharmacopoeia of Eastern Medicine – Google Books

The history of medicine and pharmacy begins from Hippocrates, Father of Medicine, born on easteern island of Cos, B. In his writings nearly simples are named as medicinal substances. The most significant pharmacologic treatise of the Greeks was, however, the authoritative text of Dioscorides who flourished about 60 A.

In the hamdarf of his army career, pharmacoppeia traveled in Italy, Greece, Asia Minor, Spain and France, and collected a vast number of botanical, mineralogical, and biological specimens. Whenever circumstances permitted, Dioscorides questioned the natives concerning the medicinal if and used of the specimens he had gathered, His famous treatise on material medica was first published in Easter at Venice in and was the pharmacologic vade mecum for approximately 1, years.

It was arranged upon an alphabetic basis. Among drugs mentioned by him are: This book was translated into Arabic and some European languages and is often quoted in the works of Arab authors. Pliny the elder c. He was contemporaneous with Dioscorides. Galan was born at Pergamum in A. He said to have maintained: Galen is credited with same 30 books on pharmacology.

His works were translated into Arabic. He became physician to Commodus. When he traveled he devoted a great deal of his time to the collection drugs so that he would be sure to have the choicest types at his disposal. In the written as well as spoken word he always stressed the importance of pure drugs and the careful handing of them. He advised his readers: Arab Medicine After the time of Galen, medicine declined in Rome, the texts of the earlier Greek physicians were forsaken, and the works of Galen gradually assumed the position of greatest authority in medicine.

Greek medicine found its votaries among Arabs who caused as much literature as could be pharmacopoia to pharmacopeia translated into Arabic. Among the famous names are those of: Garrison, in his History of Medicine, classes Rhazes with Hippocrates in his influence upon medicine. Among his contemporaries he was known as Galen of his time. It is his likeness that adorns the diploma of the Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain.


He is the first authority to describe one of the parasitic infestations of the body the guinea wormand also the first to note the sweet taste of he urine of parasitic infestations of the body the guinea wormand also the first to note the sweet taste of the urine of diabetics. He introduced the gilding and silvering of pills.

Hamdard Pharmacopoeia Of Eastern Medicine by Said, Hakim Mohammed

The second volume of Canon describes drugs. He was one of the persons renowned for the collection of herbs. Pharmzcopoeia with him was associated the name of Rashiduddin Suri who toured the hills and forests of his country, Syria, in search of medicinal plants.

Previously the exact period in which he wrote the Materia Medica was not known.

Which is like the lost book hsmdard Al-Idrisi. Max Meyerhof has published his paper where he has confirmed that this book is the same book by Al-Idrisi which was previously deemed lost. Great contributions have been made by the Arab physicians on the medicinal properties of plants.

He traveled through North Africa, Spain Greece and Italy, Syria and Asia Minor, visited the botanists of every country and the herbs in pharmackpoeia native growth and investigated their properties experimentally.

It deals with drugs of which 1, are herbs. An Egyptian edition of the book is available. Paris,Another book written by him on material medica is known as Kitabul Mughni fi-al-Adwiya-al-Mufarrada.

Its Pharmacological Studies II.

Malik Studies of Abroma Augusta Linn. Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, Yusuf Ahmad and M. Ahmed, Fatima Asad and S. Subscribe for Newsletters and Discounts. Be the first to receive our thoughtfully written religious articles and product discounts. This will help us make recommendations medicnie send discounts and sale information at times. By registering, you may receive account related information, our email newsletters and product updates, no more than twice a month.

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