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Feline panleukopenia is a highly contagious, often fatal, viral disease of cats that is seen worldwide. Kittens are affected most severely. The causative parvovirus. Feline Panleukopenia virus (FPV), also commonly referred to as feline distemper, is a highly contagious and life-threatening viral disease in cats. Learn more. Feline panleukopenia virus is highly contagious. The virus may be acquired by direct contact with infected cats or via fomites (bedding, food dishes); flies and.

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This article needs additional citations for verification. Affected cats often die from dehydration and massive secondary infection, so aggressive support with intravenous fluids and broad spectrum antibiotics are crucial, but even with this, a high proportion of affected cats may die.

Once contracted, it is highly contagious and can be fatal to the affected cat. Skip to main content.

Pathogenesis of feline panleukopenia virus and canine parvovirus.

Complications are quite common in feline panleukopenia [FPL]. All about cats Getting a cat Caring for felone cat Cat behaviour Cat health. It causes a decrease in the cat’s white blood cellsthus compromising its immune system. Kittens may initially seem fine, but as they start to move and walk it becomes obvious that they virrus highly uncoordinated. False-negative results are common. Articles needing additional references from May All articles needing additional references Articles with ‘species’ microformats.

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Both viruses cause an acute disease, with virus pznleukopenia for less than seven days before being cleared by the developing immune responses. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. Feline panleukopenia requires aggressive treatment if the cat is to survive, as this disease can kill cats in less than 24 hours.


If your cat is unwell, please seek veterinary attention. Praxisrelevante fragen anhand eines fallbeispiels. How to vkrus Keeping your cat happy The cat friendly home Playing with your cat Indoors or outdoors?

It is sometimes referred to as panleukopenia virus because one of the results of infection is the development of a low white blood cell count which is what panleucopenia means.

Pathogenesis of feline panleukopenia virus and canine parvovirus.

Adding a new cat Where to get your cat Choosing a kitten Choosing an adult cat Preparing for your new cat Helping your cat settle in What about a pedigree? Good veterinary and nursing care is vital to help cats, especially young kittens, recover from the disease. This is because the virus affects the infected cat’s immune system, leaving it vulnerable to secondary infection.

No specific treatment is available for FPV infection and it is vital that any suspected cases are nursed in isolation as this is a highly contagious disease.

In neonatal animals the viruses replicate in a large number of tissues, and FPV infection of the germinal epithelium of the cerebellum leads to cerebellar hypoplasia, while CPV may infect the hearts of neonatal pups, causing myocarditis. Infected cats and kittens usually have a fever, are obviously depressed and will not eat.

Feline panleukopenia – Wikipedia

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. However, fecal antigen is detectable only for a short time after infection. Long-term immunity in cats vaccinated with an inactivated trivalent vaccine. Modified live vaccines should not be used in pregnant queens or cats that are immunosuppressed and, in such cases, inactivated killed vaccines are recommended.

Control Feline parvovirus cirus much better prevented than treated.

Anti-emetic drugs may be useful to help stop vomiting, and feeding the cat small meals as soon as the vomiting has resolved is also important.

Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 NCBI: Pregnant queens felije with parvovirus, the virus can spread to the unborn kittens where it can interfere with the developing brain. June 10—13,abstract Diagnosis can sometimes be confirmed using an in-office immunochromatographic test kit intended for detection of fecal CPV antigen. Feline interferon has been shown to be useful in managing dogs with parvovirus infection. Even if a cat survives acute FPL, late complications such as cardiomyopathy and myocarditis can occur, though there have never been any reported cases of hematologic or gastrointestinal sequalae, and it seems that late myocarditis or cardiomyopathy is extremely rare in feline panleukopenia-affected cats.


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Feline infectious enteritis (parvovirus, panleukopenia virus)

Control of the spread of FPV relies on both vaccination and good management practice, including disinfection with appropriate disinfectants and use of isolation procedures. This is often key in diagnosing panleukopenia.

Some cats may die before even showing signs of gastroenteritis. Like, Follow and Pin us to stay up to date with our work. Cat diseases Animal virology.

ABCD guidelines on prevention and management. A number of combination vaccines for several different diseases, including panleukopenia, are also available.

Retrieved from ” https: WB Saunders Company, Hyponatremia and other electrolyte disturbances are also quite common, as is hypotensionhyperpyrexia or, late in the disease, hypothermia. Panleukopenia is primarily spread through contact with an infected animal’s bodily panlejkopenia, feces, or other fomitesas well as by fleas. Other symptoms include depression, lethargy, loss of appetite, fever, vomiting, loss of skin elasticity due to dehydration, and self-biting in the tail, lower back and back legs.

Source and spread of infection Feline parvovirus is spread by direct faecal-oral contact, and indirectly following contamination of the environment or objects eg, on food dishes, grooming equipment, bedding, floors, panlsukopenia or hands.

Useful links Vaccinating your cat. Retrieved 26 May