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The Bardoli Satyagraha, was a movement in the independence struggle led by Sardar Vallabhai Patel for the farmers of Bardoli against. Myth and reality in the Bardoli Satyagraha ‐ a study in Gandhian politics Essays in Gandhian Politics — Rowlatt Satyagraha of (Oxford, ). The peasants who participated in the Bardoli Satyagraha of did not form a homogeneous group. They belonged to different castes and different social and.

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The movement was eventually led by Vallabhbhai Pateland its success gave rise to Patel becoming one of the main leaders of the independence movement. Gandhiji selected Bardoli as a suitable place for launching civil disobedience campaign because the place had witnessed and participated in the constructive work. This created an awakening among the peasant masses to get mobilised for fulfilling their demands.

The Ujli Paraj peasants cornered most of the benefits in terms of ownership of land and other facilities. Bafdoli reassured them that the struggle would not end until not only the cancellation of all taxes for the bardpli, but also when all the seized property and lands were returned to their rightful owners.

The findings of the committee came to the conclusion that the increase had been unjustified. Describing the decision of the hardoli committee, Bipan Chandra observes:. When the Government refused to ask the people who had bought some of the lands to return them, wealthy sympathizers from Satyagraah bought them out, and returned the lands to the rightful owners.

Indian members resigned their offices, and expressed open support of saryagraha farmers. But, surely, the movement provided strength to the national freedom struggle.

The government began to auction the houses and the lands. Dhanagare argues that the movement pleaded the cause of the rich and middle class peasants.

Patel told a delegation of farmers frankly that if they should realize fully what a revolt would imply. And, thus, drove them to desperation. The poorer masses of peasantry who had very little land in their possession were altogether neglected. Summary of Champaran Bihar Movement The stock of Kali Paraj people mainly consisted of Dubla, also called Halpati. swtyagraha


Bardoli Satyagraha: Useful Notes on Bardoli Satyagraha of

Refusing payment of taxes could lead to their property being confiscated, including their lands, and many would go to jail. The farmers celebrated barddoli victory, but Patel continued to work to ensure that all lands and properties were returned to every farmer, and that no one was left out.

Soon, the Bardoli peasant movement became a national issue.

Out of the land taken over about one tenth was sold. A complete social boycott was organized against them, wherein relatives broke their ties to families in the village.

The satyagraha had begun. Gandhiji, along with Patel, conducted the movement in such a way that it carried, throughout the period, its non-violent character. gardoli

Bardoli Satyagraha: Useful Notes on Bardoli Satyagraha of 1928

Gandhiji observed that the Kali Paraj barddoli living in dire poverty. Patel then instructed all the farmers of Bardoli taluka to refuse payment of their taxes.

All this created an antagonism between the rich and big Patidar peasants and the poor and slave-like small, marginal peasants and agricultural labourers. Patel had previously guided Gujarat’s farmers during the Kheda struggle, and had served recently as Ahmedabad ‘s municipal president. Peasants were asked to take oaths in the name of Prabhu the Hindu name for god and Khuda the Muslim name for god that they would not pay the land revenue.

Dhanagare argues that the status of the Kali Paraj peasants was that of a serf of medieval Europe. As regards the cultivating landowners, 50, acres of land were forfeited though not sold. But Gandhi and Patel agreed that neither the Congress nor Gandhi would directly involve themselves, and the struggle left entirely to the people of Bardoli taluka.

It may also be pertinent to mention here that the land of Surat taluka was quite fertile. Patel first wrote to the Governor of Bombay, asking him to reduce the taxes for the year in face of the calamities. Actually, they survived a near-slave life in Bardoli. Militant Publics in India: The land with the poorer peasants was very meagre and largely unproductive. University of California Press. Inan agreement was finally brokered by a Parsi member of the Bombay government. Gandhiji very rightly observed on the success of Bardoli agitation:.


A Swarajya Asharam was established in Surat and six similar centres were set up in Bardoli taluka to carry out constructive activities and to diffuse new political culture. The Pathans and the men of the collectors forced themselves into the houses and took all property, including cattle resisters had begun keeping their cattle inside their locked homes when the collectors were about, in order to prevent them from seizing the animals from the fields. The problem of Hali Pratha, which was highly exploitative, was not raised at all by the movement.

The momentum from the Bardoli victory aided in the resurrection of the freedom struggle nationwide. Their relations with the lower caste, that is, small, marginal and agricultural labourers were quite unsatisfactory.

You must be logged in to post a comment. In this connection it may be said that Patel was in-charge of the whole agitation. But the Governor ignored the letter, and reciprocated by announcing the date of collection.

It was women of bardoli who bestowed the title Sardar for the first time, which in Gujarati and most Indian languages means Chief or Leader. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. This system of recruiting agricultural labour had grown out of money-lending practices.